main menu
サイト内検索
ログイン
ユーザ名:

パスワード:



パスワード紛失

新規登録
OpenIDログイン

OpenIDを入力

mixi Yahoo! JAPAN Google BIGLOBE はてな livedoor エキサイト docomo ID

ツッCOM

切り抜き詳細

The Asahi Shimbun/2018/6/13 14:10
http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201806130045.html

Kim-Trump summit a good start, but still a long way to go

For the first time since a truce was declared for the Korean War, the leaders of two former enemy countries met in person and shook hands on June 12.
It was to be expected that this historic development would grab the world's attention. But the flimsy agreement reached by North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and U.S. President Donald Trump was anything but historic.
On the focal issue of denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, not one specific detail about the scope, verification procedure or timetable was written into the agreement. But Pyongyang successfully wrangled the one thing it desperately wanted from Trump: a guarantee of the regime's survival.
Since the Kim-Trump summit was held in-camera, there is no knowing whether they struck deals on other issues. Judging by the content of the agreement signed by the two leaders, we seriously wonder if the United States had any real need to rush into this summit.
Yet, even if the summit was premature, it still does not change the great significance of the first step taken together by Kim and Trump, namely in their pledges to build a new relationship that will surely influence the future of Northeast Asia, including Japan.
We have to call this an "experiment" verging on a huge gamble. The two leaders are now obligated to live up to their promise and pave the way toward a resolution of pending issues. Not doing so will create long-lasting problems that will be difficult to undo.
Kim and Trump must fully realize they have taken on the grave responsibility of working to attain their mutually agreed goal of a "permanent and durable peacekeeping mechanism on the Korean Peninsula."

NEED TO LEARN FROM PAST

In the three-month lead-up after Trump agreed to Kim's request for a summit, Washington remained rigid in its demand that the meeting be conditional on Pyongyang's commitment to denuclearization, to avoid the mistakes of the past.
"Complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization" was Washington's goal, but Trump admitted at a post-summit news conference there was "no time" to spell that out in the joint agreement. Still, Trump noted with optimism that Kim would act swiftly on it.
We were shocked and deeply perturbed by Trump's frivolousness.
The history of the North Korean nuclear problem is that of repeated betrayals by Pyongyang, and Trump himself has repeatedly attacked his predecessors for that. He obviously has not learned a thing from history.
Trump praised Kim for his "great personality" while Kim spoke about their decision to launch a huge project together. This was how their show of mutual friendship was orchestrated in Singapore.
But nothing is more important than an explicit action plan.
The summit can be deemed a success only if a timetable is drawn up that clearly defines "denuclearization" and sets a precise deadline. Trump will earn no points for diplomacy unless he can establish workable denuclearization measures in future negotiations with Pyongyang.
For North Korea, what it wanted more than anything from the United States was an assurance of the regime's survival as a self-proclaimed socialist state with a unique dictatorial setup.
It was a huge triumph for Pyongyang that not only did Trump give that guarantee in the joint agreement, but also indicated his readiness to review joint U.S.-South Korea military exercises.

HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUES

North Korea has declared, both at home and abroad, that it will abandon its nuclear programs to focus on economic reconstruction. But if it truly wishes to become an honored member of the global community and still maintain the current regime, it has no choice but to voluntarily change its style of government.
Assuming an attack by the United States is no longer a likely prospect, North Korea's other problems still stand no chance of resolving themselves.
One of those problems concerns human rights. Innumerable political prisoners are reportedly living in dire conditions at North Korea's many gulag-style "re-education camps."
Kim's older brother, Kim Jong Nam, was assassinated in Malaysia last year. Washington officially concluded three months ago that the assassination was Pyongyang's doing.
Trump must not turn a blind eye to Pyongyang's human rights abuses in his haste to prove the Singapore summit a success.
The situation on the Korean Peninsula is still too elusive to predict accurately. But among the nations concerned, the wheels of diplomacy have begun to turn powerfully.
The leaders of South Korea, China and Russia are engaged in the process of dialogue with the North Korean leader with greater frequency and mutual intimacy than ever, and now the United States is ready to enter into direct negotiations.
In the meantime, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has asked Trump to raise the issue of abductions of Japanese citizens during his meeting with Kim.
Trump said he complied, but exactly what he told Kim is not known.
The fact that the basis of Japan's North Korea policy is rooted in Tokyo's close relations with Washington and Seoul remains unchanged. But now that both the United States and South Korea have changed direction significantly toward closer dialogue with North Korea, Japan needs to squarely face the fact that the old single-track strategy of applying pressure on Pyongyang is no longer in play.

TIME FOR ACTIVE ENGAGEMENT BY JAPAN

Bilateral problems can only be negotiated bilaterally. But should there be further progress in Washington-Pyongyang talks and Seoul-Pyongyang talks, a broader framework will come into being for official talks about ending the Korean War and building a new peace mechanism.
North Korea is the only neighbor nation with which Japan still has no diplomatic relations, and normalizing the relationship remains one of Japan's biggest postwar pending issues.
Japan is now being tested on its diplomatic capability and vision to actively pursue the establishment of peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and in the rest of Northeast Asia, instead of passively relying on its relationship with the United States.
The Kim-Trump summit in Singapore failed to set a definitive direction toward resolving various pending issues. And that is precisely why Japan must strive to work closer with China, South Korea and Russia and explore means for constructive engagement with North Korea.

--The Asahi Shimbun, June 13


コメント一覧


 

 

©太陽と風と水, 2011/ info@3coco.org  本サイトについて